October 14, 2020
DPM-FAQSeries Topic 1: Thread Compound Friction Factor
1. What is thread compound (dope) friction factor and how to calculate Make-Up Torque (MUT) for different friction factors?
The thread compound friction factor helps to determine the correct amount of make-up torque (MUT) required for rotary-shouldered connections. The MUT calculations for rotary-shouldered connections in API 7G were based on zinc or lead-based thread compounds, which have a friction factor of 1.0. This means no adjustment needs to be made to the MUT. The compound manufacturer will typically specify the friction factor on the website and in the datasheet.
Figure 1: KOPR-KOTE by JET-LUBE has Friction Factor of 1.15 – 1.25.
Figure 2: ZN50 by BESTOLIFE has Friction Factor of 1.0.
The MUT should be multiplied by the friction factor for adjustment. So for a 30,000 ft-lbs MUT requirement with a dope with friction factor 1.15, the actual MUT applied should be 30,000 x 1.15 = 34,500 ft-lbs. If the MUT is not adjusted, insufficient torque could be applied and cause downhole make-up which would damage the connections. We do not recommend using dope with a friction factor of 0.8.